Hit-and-run crashes and fatalities rates have been increasing at an alarming rate.
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More than one hit-and-run crash happens somewhere in the U.S. every minute. The 2,049 fatalities that resulted from hit-and-run crashes in 2016 were the highest number ever recorded. This report analyzes recent crash data, reviews the existing literature on this phenomenon, and discusses existing countermeasures.
Analyzed fatal, injury, and non-injury crash data from the FARS and GES data sets going back to 2006.
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Fujita, G., Okamura, K., Kihira, M., & Kosuge, R. (2014). Factors contributing to driver choice after hitting a pedestrian in Japan. Accid Anal Prev, 72, 277-286.
Greenfield, J. (2016). Hit-and-run crashes are all too common in Chicago. Retrieved from https://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/preventing-prosecuting-drivers-fleeing-pedestrian-cyclist-deaths/Content?oid=21345120
Grembek, O., & Griswold, J. B. (2012). On the legal deterrence of pedestrian hit-and-run collisions. Retrieved from https://safetrec.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/publications/on_ the_legal_deterrence_hr_workingpaper.pdf
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of incidents, driver motivations and preventative strategies. Retrieved from https://www.mib.org.uk/media/350114/hit-and-run-why-do-drivers-fail-to-stop-after-an-accident.pdf
Jiang, C., Lu, L., Chen, S., & Lu, J. J. (2016). Hit-and-run crashes in urban river-crossing road tunnels. Accid Anal Prev, 95(Pt B), 373-380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.09.003
Kim, K., Pant, P., & Yamashita, E. (2008). Hit-and-Run Crashes: Use of Rough Set Analysis with Logistic Regression to Capture Critical Attributes and Determinants (Vol. 2083).
Lueders, H., Hainmueller, J., & Lawrence, D. (2017). Providing driver’s licenses to unauthorized immigrants in California improves traffic safety. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 114(16), 4111-4116. doi:10.1073/pnas.1618991114
MacLeod, K. E., Griswold, J. B., Arnold, L. S., & Ragland, D. R. (2012). Factors associated with hit-and-run pedestrian fatalities and driver identification. Accid Anal Prev, 45, 366-372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2011.08.001
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Tay, R., Barua, U., & Kattan, L. (2009). Factors contributing to hit-and-run in fatal crashes. Accid Anal Prev, 41(2), 227-233. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2008.11.002
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Tay, R., Rifaat, S. M., & Chin, H. C. (2008). A logistic model of the effects of roadway, environmental, vehicle, crash and driver characteristics on hit-and-run crashes. Accid Anal Prev, 40(4), 1330-1336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2008.02.003
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